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General Medicine

Graves Disease

In this post we will learn about Graves Disease, its signs and symptoms and its management. Grave’s disease is an autoimmune disease caused by production of autoantibodies that stimulate TSH(Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) receptor on thyroid cell membrane resulting in excessive synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormone. Proptosis as seen in Graves Disease. Image Courtesy: Jonathan …

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Clinical Features of Empyema

In this post we shall discuss about the signs, symptoms and clinical features of acute and chronic Empyema. Empyema is the presence of pus in the pleural cavity. Clinical Features of Acute Empyema Symptoms Due to Toxemia: Anorexia, sweats, malaise and loss of weight. Due to Primary Disease: Sudden rise in temperature along with fever …

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Thyroid Function Tests

In this post we shall discuss about Thyroid Function Tests. A routine laboratory thyroid profile includes: Thyroid profile/Thyroid Function Tests includes 1. Thyroid stimulating hormone 2. T4 binding ratio 3. Free T4 index 4. Serum T4 5. Resin T3 uptake Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) It is secreted from anterior pituitary and has negative feedback with …

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Hypertension Treatment

In this post we shall discuss the treatment of hypertension. To read about the signs and symptoms click here. Nonpharmacological Treatment of hypertension Salt restriction: 2.4 gm of sodium or 6gm of Nacl is effective in controlling hypertension Weight Reduction: Reduction of 1kg may reduce 1.3 to 1.6 mm of Hg Quit Smoking: Most important …

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Hypertension is referred to increase in blood pressure. Signs of Hypertension Tremors, tachycardia, exophthalmos, thyroid dermopathy and goiter in hyperthyroidism Moon’s face, buffalo hump and truncal obesity in Cushing’s syndrome. Bruit over abdominal aorta. Presence of puffy face, rough skin, obesity in myxedema Prognathism, clubbed hand, coarse features in acromegaly Palpable kidney lump in polycystic …

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