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Hypertension is referred to increase in blood pressure.

Signs of Hypertension

Tremors, tachycardia, exophthalmos, thyroid dermopathy and goiter in hyperthyroidism

Moon’s face, buffalo hump and truncal obesity in Cushing’s syndrome.

Bruit over abdominal aorta.

Presence of puffy face, rough skin, obesity in myxedema

Prognathism, clubbed hand, coarse features in acromegaly

Palpable kidney lump in polycystic kidney

Undiagnosed fever and recurrent urinary infections in chronic pyelonephritis.



Presence of headache, dizziness, palpitation and easy fatigability

Symptoms related to underlying disease:

Weight gain, hirsutism, truncal obesity due to Cushing’s syndrome

Weight loss, tremors, palpitation and sweating due to hyperthyroidism or pheochromocytoma

Edema and puffy face due to acute nephritis

Joint pain, bronchospasm and peripheral vascular disease symptoms due to polyarteritis nodosa.

Symptoms referable to systemic vascular involvement:


Anginal chest pain





Blurring of vision or sudden blindness

Dyspnea on exertion

Transient ischemic episodes leading to weakness or paralysis

Hypertensive encephalopathy

In the next post we will learn about the treatment of hypertension. Hypertension Treatment