Hypertension is referred to increase in blood pressure.
Signs of Hypertension
Tremors, tachycardia, exophthalmos, thyroid dermopathy and goiter in hyperthyroidism
Moon’s face, buffalo hump and truncal obesity in Cushing’s syndrome.
Bruit over abdominal aorta.
Presence of puffy face, rough skin, obesity in myxedema
Prognathism, clubbed hand, coarse features in acromegaly
Palpable kidney lump in polycystic kidney
Undiagnosed fever and recurrent urinary infections in chronic pyelonephritis.
Presence of headache, dizziness, palpitation and easy fatigability
Symptoms related to underlying disease:
Weight gain, hirsutism, truncal obesity due to Cushing’s syndrome
Weight loss, tremors, palpitation and sweating due to hyperthyroidism or pheochromocytoma
Edema and puffy face due to acute nephritis
Joint pain, bronchospasm and peripheral vascular disease symptoms due to polyarteritis nodosa.
Symptoms referable to systemic vascular involvement:
Anginal chest pain
Blurring of vision or sudden blindness
Dyspnea on exertion
Transient ischemic episodes leading to weakness or paralysis
In the next post we will learn about the treatment of hypertension. Hypertension Treatment