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TNM Staging OSCC

TNM Staging for oral cavity cancers

TNM Staging for oral cavity cancers is very well known and very well used. Lets look into it specifically the 8th edition with the addition of DOI which you’ll read later on. Abbreviations American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) International Union Against Cancer (UICC) History TNM Staging for oral cavity cancers: In 1944, Pierre Denoix …

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Pederson Difficulty Index

Pederson in 1988 proposed the difficulty index which is one of the most popular difficulty index used till date. The difficulty index is based on local anatomy observation and from radiographs. Pederson Difficulty Index Pederson Difficulty Index Value Mesioangular 1 Horizontal/Transverse 2 Vertical 3 Distoangular 4 Table 1: Based on the Spatial Relationship Value Level …

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Graves Disease

In this post we will learn about Graves Disease, its signs and symptoms and its management. Grave’s disease is an autoimmune disease caused by production of autoantibodies that stimulate TSH(Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) receptor on thyroid cell membrane resulting in excessive synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormone. Proptosis as seen in Graves Disease. Image Courtesy: Jonathan …

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Fordyce's Granules

Fordyce’s Granules

In this post we shall discuss about Fordyce’s Granules. Developmental anomaly characterized by heterotrophic collection of sebaceous glands at various sites in oral cavity. Pathogenesis Of Fordyce’s Granules The occurrence of sebaceous gland in the mouth may result from inclusion in the oral cavity of ectoderm having some of the potentialities of skin in the …

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Ellis-and-Davey

Ellis and Davey Classification (1970)

In this post we shall learn about the most commonly used tooth fracture classification i.e. Ellis and Davey Classification. Class 1: Simple fracture of the crown involving little or no dentin Class 2: Extensive fracture of the crown involving considerable dentin but not pulp Class 3: Extensive fracture of the crown involving considerable dentin, and …

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Infections caused by Staphylococcus Aureus

In this post we shall discuss some of the common infections caused by Staphylococcus Aureus. Toxic shock syndrome Toxic shock syndrome is a fatal multi system disease caused by S. Aureus strains. It usually presents as fever, myalgia, diarrhea, rash, hypotension. It is associated with infections of sequestrated or mucosal sites by Toxic Shock Syndrome …

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